For myself, and I would imagine many of those within the Pagan-based faiths, the concept of Earth Day is welcomed and cherished. We believe that there is a direct connection between ourselves and nature at-large. Our faith ties us with nature, and harming the environment is like harming ourselves. On my look around the web I found a few links to some who would say yes, Earth Day is a means to force Paganism onto well-abiding Christians. A self-proclaimed environmental activist Gaylord felt that America was destroying its environment through industrialization and current societal practices. Two events in particular led to his decision to move forward: The original idea for Earth Day was to be a one-time call-to-arms situated across college campuses in the US to highlight the need for environmental protection and working towards sustainability. The actual day, April 22nd, was chosen by Gaylord as it fell between the typical final exam week in American universities and the spring break festivities.
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Paganus was almost exclusively a derogatory term. From its earliest beginnings, Christianity spread much more quickly in major urban areas like Antioch , Alexandria , Corinth , Rome than in the countryside in fact, the early church was almost entirely urban , and soon the word for “country dweller” became synonymous with someone who was “not a Christian ,” giving rise to the modern meaning of “pagan. However, it may have also resulted from early Christian missionaries focusing their efforts within major population centers e.
Paul , rather than throughout an expansive, yet sparsely populated, countryside hence, the Latin term suggesting “uneducated country folk”. Later, through metaphorical use, paganus came to mean ‘rural district, village’ and ‘country dweller’ and, as the Roman Empire declined into military autocracy and anarchy, in the 4th and 5th centuries it came to mean “civilian”, in a sense parallel to the English usage “the locals”.
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See Article History Alternative Title: Roman mythology Roman religion, also called Roman mythology, beliefs and practices of the inhabitants of the Italian peninsula from ancient times until the ascendancy of Christianity in the 4th century ad. Josef Muench Nature and significance The Romans, according to the orator and politician Cicero , excelled all other peoples in the unique wisdom that made them realize that everything is subordinate to the rule and direction of the gods.
Yet Roman religion was based not on divine grace but instead on mutual trust fides between god and man. The Romans believed that this divine help would make it possible for them to master the unknown forces around them that inspired awe and anxiety religio , and thus they would be able to live successfully. These precepts for many centuries contained scarcely any moral element; they consisted of directions for the correct performance of ritual. Roman religion laid almost exclusive emphasis on cult acts, endowing them with all the sanctity of patriotic tradition.
Roman ceremonial was so obsessively meticulous and conservative that, if the various partisan accretions that grew upon it throughout the years can be eliminated, remnants of very early thought can be detected near the surface. This demonstrates one of the many differences between Roman religion and Greek religion , in which such remnants tend to be deeply concealed.
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Additional Information Abstract The strengths and limitations of radiocarbon dating as applied to samples taken in and around the walled city center of Pagan, in Burma, are addressed. The last thousand years in mainland Southeast Asia remains a difficult period to date absolutely because of two critical issues. The first is the use of wood from long-lived species, such as teak, in archaeological contexts.
The archaeologist dating such material must be aware of the significance of a date range that relates to the period when a tree was alive rather than to when the wood was actually used in the construction or reconstruction. The second issue stems from the character of the radiocarbon calibration curve for this time period. Several plateaux exist in the curve that seriously broaden the calendar age ranges deriving from uncalibrated high-precision dates.
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A great variety of religious cults were to be found. In addition to numerous Celtic deities of local or wider significance, the gods of the classical pantheon were introduced and were often identified with their Celtic counterparts. In official circles the worship… Nature and significance The Romans, according to the orator and politician Cicero , excelled all other peoples in the unique wisdom that made them realize that everything is subordinate to the rule and direction of the gods.
Yet Roman religion was based not on divine grace but instead on mutual trust fides between god and man. The Romans believed that this divine help would make it possible for them to master the unknown forces around them that inspired awe and anxiety religio , and thus they would be able to live successfully. These precepts for many centuries contained scarcely any moral element; they consisted of directions for the correct performance of ritual.
Roman religion laid almost exclusive emphasis on cult acts, endowing them with all the sanctity of patriotic tradition. Roman ceremonial was so obsessively meticulous and conservative that, if the various partisan accretions that grew upon it throughout the years can be eliminated, remnants of very early thought can be detected near the surface. This demonstrates one of the many differences between Roman religion and Greek religion , in which such remnants tend to be deeply concealed. The Greeks, when they first began to document themselves, had already gone quite a long way toward sophisticated, abstract, and sometimes daring conceptions of divinity and its relation to man.
But the orderly, legalistic, and relatively inarticulate Romans never quite gave up their old practices.
The Wild Reed: The Pagan Roots of All Saints Day
Part of this reflection reads as follows. For hundreds of years, before jack-o-lanterns and zombies and candy corn, Christians around the world have remembered the dead, the saints, the cloud of witnesses that have gone before us. Halloween comes from the same root word as “hallowed” or “halo”, meaning holy. This weekend liturgical Christians around the world honor “all saints day” by reciting the names of the holy saints of God throughout the centuries.
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Bringing with them their individual styles of dances and music. There are vague references to the early history of Irish dancing but evidence shows that its first participants were the Druids. They danced in religious rituals honoring their pagan gods. The circle dances of today began after the Anglo-Norman conquest in the twelfth century. The Carol was a popular Norman dance where the leader sang and a circle of dancers replied with the same song.
Three Irish dances are often referenced from the sixteenth century: One of the first mentions to dance was in a letter written to Queen Elizabeth I in in which the dancers were described as being very beautiful and magnificently dressed first class dancers. During the mid-sixteenth century, dancers performed in the great halls of newly built castles, and some of the dances were brought to the court of Queen Elizabeth. The Trenchmore was an adaptation of an old Irish peasant dance, and the Hey was a predecessor of the present day reel.
Irish dancing was accompanied by the music of the bagpipes and the harp. The dancing master appeared in Ireland in the eighteenth century. He would wander from village to village to teach dance to peasants. When they met at fairs, they challenged each other to dancing competitions that ended only when one group was left standing.
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Additional Information In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Short Notices Lieu, Samuel N. C , and Dominic Montserrat, ed.
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Tweet Special Catholic feasts coincide with pagan holy days, and are celebrated in one form or another by most cultures. For example, Lady Day is a Catholic feast celebrated on March This is also the feast held in honor of the goddess of Cybele in ancient times. The 25th of December, which we celebrate as Christmas, was the commemorative day of the birth of the sun god. The Christmas Tree When Nimrod was destroyed, he was symbolized as the tree that was cut off.
To this day, his rebirth is celebrated as the new branch Christmas tree that sprouts from the sawed-off stump through the life-giving power of the serpent. The ancient practice of celebrating the birth of the sun god through the fir tree is found in most ancient religions, even those of the ancient Indian cultures of South America. The Christmas tree was then decorated, symbolizing the rebirth of the sun god.
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For a critical Christian response to these claims, see: The ancient polytheistic religions of Egypt, Persia, Babylonia and eventually Rome increasingly consolidated their pantheons of deities under a single primary god, usually a Sun-god. Humans could choose between good light or evil darkness and on judgment day be sent to Heaven or Hell based on their choices.
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Mohammed, of Leopold Street in Derby, and El-Hassan, of Willesden Lane in north-west London, denied preparing terrorist acts between November and December but a jury found them both guilty. Judge Michael Topolski QC remanded them in custody and warned them they faced jail when they are sentenced next month. You knew he was planning an explosion to kill and maim innocent people in the cause of Isis.
Records of their messages show they shared extremist views and videos, while Mohammed was put in touch with a man he believed was an Isis commander via Facebook. In September , Mohammed complained he had not received his instructions, telling his contact: He also looked at pressure cookers at Ace Discounts, which the prosecution said could be used to contain the explosives, according to several terrorist manuals.
Police found hydrogen peroxide in a wardrobe and hydrochloric acid in the freezer of his home during a raid on 12 December but Mohammed claimed they were for domestic purposes. But Mohammed had an arranged marriage in Sudan with a woman he had never met called Fatima, who he was hoping to bring to England on a student visa. He had arrived in Britain in the back of a lorry and claimed asylum in February , the court heard.
El-Hassan, who came to Britain from Sudan at the age of three, told jurors she had sulphuric acid for her drains and got face masks to wear as she dealt with a damp problem in her flat.
Paganism , the free encyclopedia
Enter your keywords You are here Such a union is hedged in by certain taboos, including in-law avoidance. It is enmeshed in a complex web of kin obligations and responsibilities.
While pagan is attested in English from the 14th century, This group includes Native Americans and Australian Aborigine Bushmen, Viking Age Norse paganism. Influences include: in the sense “non-Christian, heathen” is unclear. The dating of this sense is .
Scots Gaelic samhainn, Old Irish samain “summer’s end”, from sam “summer” and fuin “end” is a festival on the end of the harvest season in Gaelic and Brythonic cultures, with aspects of a festival of the dead. Many scholars believe that it was the beginning of the Celtic year. The term derives from the name of a month in the ancient Celtic calendar, in particular the first three nights of this month, with the festival marking the end of the summer season and the end of the harvest.
The Gaelic festival became associated with the Catholic All Souls’ Day, and appears to have influenced the secular customs now connected with Halloween. Samhain is also the name of a festival in various currents of Neopaganism inspired by Gaelic tradition. Etymology The Irish word Samhain is derived from the Old Irish samain, samuin, or samfuin, all referring to November 1st latha na samna: Its meaning is glossed as ‘summer’s end’, and the frequent spelling with f suggests analysis by popular etymology as sam ‘summer’ and fuin ‘sunset’, ‘end’.
Whitley Stokes in KZ The Irish samain would be etymologically unrelated to ‘summer’, and derive from ‘assembly’.